Etawah. All human beings are born free and have equal rights. To be born free means that all people have right to freedom. But freedom does not mean that you can do anything you want, nor it limits the freedom of others. You live in a community, it has rules and responsibilities. So each of you should treat others with respect and dignity.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights despite
differences of sex, colour of the skin, the
language, the religious beliefs, the social or
regional set up.
The Universal Human Rights are:
- Right to Life, Liberty and Security :-
You have the right to live and to live in Liberty and security. The government is responsible for working towards providing you safety and security. The laws as well as police force should not hinder your freedom and rights. It is your responsibility to influence the government to guarantee this right.
- Freedom from Slavery or Servitude :-
Slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. Nobody has the right to use you as his/her slave and you should not make anyone your slave. The weakest and poorest members of the society are often the target of exploitation. This article protects all members of the society from a state of servitude, which is exploitation of humans by other humans.
One can find in the world many practices similar to slavery. These include debt bondage, serfdom, exploitation of children and servile forms of marriage.
- Freedom from Torture or Inhuman Treatment :-
Nobody has the right to torture you. Torture is not just hurting someone, but destroying a person’s dignity and making it impossible for that person to continue his life and activities. Cruel, inhuman or humiliating treatment include such practices as mortal punishment, pain-causing devices, cross questioning under duress, biomedical experiments on prisoners, the use of drugs on prisoners and solitary confinement.
- Right to Recognition of Equality before the Law :-
You should be legally protected in the same way everywhere like all others. Your human rights should be protected by the laws written and passed in your. country. In any country, while citizens have special benefits different from aliens, the legal system must recognise everyone, including an alien equal before the law.
- Equality before the Law :-
All are equal before the law and you are entitled, without any discrimination to equal protection by the law.
- Right to seek Legal Help :-
While the law and the constitution may guarantee you with fundamental rights, there may be a violation of human rights. If a certain right is violated, you must appeal in a ‘competent’ court.
- No arbitrary Arrest, Detention or Exile :-
Nobody has the right to put you in prison, to keep you there, or to send you away from your country unjustly or without sound reason given under the law.
- Right to Privacy
You have the right to ask for protection if someone tries to harm your good name, enter your house, open your letters or bother you or your family without a sound reason.
- Right to Freedom of Movement :-
You have the right to move about as you wish within your country. You have the right to leave your country to go to another one; and can return to your country as you wish.
- Right to Nationality :-
You have the right to belong to a country and nobody can stop you, without a valid reason, from belonging to another country if you wish.
- Right to Marry :-
As soon as a person is legally entitled, he or she has the right to marry and have a family. In doing this, neither the colour of your skin, the country you come from nor your region should be impediments. Men and women have the same rights when they are married and also when they are separated.
Nobody should force a person to marry. The government should protect your family and its members.
- Right to Freedom of Religion :- You have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change your religion or belief