Etawah. Mahatma Gandhi’s name is the highest among those who freed India from British-slavery. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The whole nation knows him as ‘Mahatma Gandhi’. The people of India, showing respect to him, call him the Father of the Nation.
Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at a place called Porbandar in the state of Gujarat. His father was the Diwan of Rajkot and mother Putli Bai was a woman of religious views. After completing his education till matriculation, Gandhiji went to England to study law. There he led a simple life. From there he returned to India as a barrister and started practicing in Bombay. From there he went to South Africa in connection with a case. There he himself witnessed the atrocities being committed by the whites on the Indians. It was here that the spirit of fighting against the British rule developed in his mind. After this he returned to India in 1915 AD.
After returning to India, he started organizing the Indians to get freedom. He did ‘Non-cooperation Movement’ in 1920 and ‘Salt Satyagraha’ in 1930. Both these movements shook the roots of the British government. After this ‘Quit India’ movement was launched in 1942 AD. Gandhi who had to travel to jail several times due to these movements, but he did not deviate from his path. The result of his efforts was that the British had to leave here on August 15, 1947.
The sacrifice and sacrifice of Gandhiji will never be forgotten. He devoted his whole life in the service of the country. He was a priest of truth and non-violence. He believed in truth as God. All the movements launched by him were completely non-violent. Gandhiji believed in spiritual power.
Gandhiji was also a true social reformer. He tried his best to eradicate untouchability from the society. Tried to give respect to Harijans in the society. He also laid great emphasis on women’s education. He initiated the ‘Basic Education System’. Gandhiji wanted to develop rural industries. This is the reason why he promoted Khadi a lot. He himself used to spin the spinning wheel. He understood well the importance of labor.
He never aspired for any position in independent India. He was a living idol of renunciation. On January 30, 1948, Nathuram Godse’s bullet snatched that divine soul from us. His name will always be immortal in the history of India.