Tanuj Bansal

Assassins or Hitmen, in today’s world are people available for hire to kill whoever you want with the prices ranging from a couple bucks to thousands of dollars depending upon who the person someone has wants dead. In Popular culture, you’ve seen John Wick and Hitman 47 but all these guys are pure as fiction as they kill hundreds of guys single handedly in just a day but in the real world even the deadliest assassin or hitman “Julio Santana” has killed around 500 people in his whole career. But today we are going to talk about from where this profession came, the life of blood shedding and cold-hearted guys who kills both for money and fun until they are blood-sickened and left in guilt for their remaining number of days. Terrorism was also developed by the people of whom you’re going to know about today after the tactics were introduced by Jewish Sicari Zealots in 1st century A.D. The Assassins or Hashashins were the Nizari Isma’ili State founded by Hassan-I Sabbah in 1090 A.D. after capturing of Alamut Castle in then Persia, now Iran which served as assassin’s headquarters. The Castles of Alamut and Lambsar became the foundation Isma’ili fortresses throughout Persia and Syria that was the backbone of assassin power and included Syrian strongholds of Masyaf, Abu Qubays, Al Qadams and Al Kahf. Hassan-I Sabbah ruled the Nizari Isma’ili State until his death in 1124. Marco Polo introduced the western world with The Assassins by his works.

The rulers of this state were religious leaders, at first da’i and later as imams. The most known Assassins leaders operating in Syria were al-Hakim al-Munajjim, the physician astrologer, Abu Tahir al-Sa’igh, the goldsmith, Bahram al Da’i and the renowned assassin chief Rashid ad Din Sinan. Only group of disciples of this sect who engaged in conflict were known as fida’i. Lacking their own army, Nizari relied on these fearsome warriors to carry out espionage and assassinations of key enemy figures with the dagger, their preferred method killing rather poison and arrows. Over the course of nearly 300 years, they killed hundreds including three caliphs, a ruler of Jerusalem, several Muslim and Christian leaders. They posed substantial strategic threat to Fatimid, Abbasid and Seljuk authorities and are known to slay their many notable leaders and viziers. The first known frank to die upon the hands of assassins was Raymond II, count of Tripoli in 1952. Crusaders feared and acknowledged The Assassins including the de facto king of Jerusalem, Conrad of Montferrat, to an Assassin’s blade in 1192 and Philip of Montfort of Tyre in 1270. During the rule of fifth and the last imam Rukn al-din Khurshah, the Nizari Isma’ili State declined internally and was eventually destroyed after Khurshah surrendered the castle during Mongol Invasion of Persia. Khurshah died in 1256 and in 1257 Mongol had destroyed and eliminated the order of Assassins.   


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