Tanuj Bansal.

    The Nature has its way of surprising, its way of loving, and it has a way showing us its wrath. But today we are going to know about the magic it wields, something so beautiful. Imagine sitting with your loved ones under the magical night sky full of natural colorful lights dancing and covering the sky as farthest as you can see. Imagine how its going to feel under this natural phenomenon, imagine what you can really say about this play of colors in the dark, how will you express and the only answer you will find is a bright smile, silence and happiness within you and the one sitting next to you.

    Aurora Borealis in the north and Aurora Australis in the south is what we are going to know about here in this article, predominated in high-latitude regions around Arctic and Antarctic. These Dynamic patterns of lights covering the whole sky appearing as curtains, rays, spirals or dynamic flickers are the results of disturbance in magnetosphere caused by solar wind. These disturbances alter the trajectories of charged particles in the magnetospheric plasma. These particles mainly the protons and electrons precipitate into the upper atmosphere made of up of both thermosphere and exosphere resulting in ionization and excitation of atmospheric constituents emit light of various colors and complexity. The word ‘Aurora’ is derived from the roman goddess of dawn, Aurora, who travelled from east to west announcing the coming of sun, this term was coined by The Father observational astronomy, of modern science, of scientific method and of modern physics, GALILEO GALILI. Mostly Auroras occurs in band known as ‘Auroral Zone’. Aurora Borealis can be seen from center of Arctic Circle such as Iceland, Canada, Norway, Greenland, Sweden, Finland, Alaska. Aurora Australis can be seen from high southern latitudes in Antarctica, Australia, Chile, Argentina, South Africa, New Zealand. The Aurora is seen best at the time which is called ‘Magnetic Midnight’. Aurora is visible in colors of Red, Green, Blue and the most often seen hues of red in Aurora are Scarlet, crimson and carmine, red and green can mix up and produce pink and yellow hues, purple can also be seen mixed with blue at highest levels of solar activity as well as orange on rare occasions. Well, any color is possible to be seen because of all the primary colors are there but these are the most seen colors mentioned. Auroras have been known throughout the history of world. The earliest suspected record of Aurora is 30,000 years old prehistoric cave paintings found in France. Since that time all kinds of civilizations have marveled these dancing lights, ascribing with all sorts myths of its origin. Giving rise to the mythical creatures and driving folklores and influencing history and arts. The oldest known real and actual citing of Aurora is mentioned in writings of 2,600 B.C. China. In which the Fu-Pao the mother of the yellow emperor, Xuanyuan Huangdi, she saw strong lightings moving around the star Su and illuminated the whole area after which she got pregnant and gave birth to the emperor legendarily known as initiator of Chinese culture. If you ever want to see the lights you should visit northwest territories of Canada with the best time that usually in between November to march and in northern Norway the time is same, or you can visit Finland Lapland during mid-august to April or in Tasmanian region of Australia during the time of spring equinox. But still northern lights steals the show and considered to be better than southern lights but only if you can take cold and dark nights although it doesn’t feel cold and dark when you are with someone and under the dancing lights.



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